SHORT HISTORY AND PROFILE
Within the Politehnica University Timisoara, Faculty of Civil Engineering this programme was founded in 1991, being registered in the Romania’s Official Monitor of 13 May 2002, in the section: accredited specializations.
The development of the geodetic profile was imposed, both locally and nationally, out of the economic and scientific needs, i.e. the lack of experts in this field of activity.
This speciality belongs to the field of Geodetic Engineering, a distinct profile in the Romanian National Nomenclature of Specialities.
The structural changes, which occurred in our country after 1989, due to the development of the private properties and the passing to the market economy, also led to fundamental changes in the field of cadastre; both in what the record of the real assets and cadastral plans are concerned.
The update and the modernization of the cadastre, in order to make it multifunctional, require a large number of specialists and, if possible, a uniform national distribution.
The curriculum is adapted for the open higher education system, and the syllabuses are correlated to similar national and international programs, in order to comply with the European Credit Transfer System.
In order to meet the required future objectives, the geodetic engineer needs a thorough training in the field of terrestrial measurements. This can only be ensured by the study of both fundamental courses (mathematics, physics, techniques of calculus etc.) and speciality courses (Topography, Geodesy, Cartography, Photogrammetry, Cadastre etc.).
For the complex training of future specialists, a substantial contribution is brought by disciplines belonging to the beneficiary fields of these activities, such as: Constructions, Urbanism, Transportation, Local and regional Administration.
Starting with the academic year 2005/2006, at the speciality of Land Measurement and Cadastre of Timisoara, a new educational plan was implemented, structured on 4 years for the technical domain (bachelor engineer ) and 2 years for the Master degree (diplomat engineer) – the Bologna Process.
The Bachelor Program (B.Sc. Degree) was evaluated in 2008 by the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education obtaining the accreditation in the Bologna system.
The second level of the educational training including the Master Program (M.Sc. Degree)was evaluated in 2010, also obtaining the accreditation in the Bologna system.
The Specialization of Land Measurement and Cadastre in Timisoara had an ascending evolution since its foundation 19 years ago, justifying its existence completely. The mission of training cadastre specialists includes not only the students but the teaching staff as well. The quantitative and the qualitative level of the students follows an ascending direction, being reflected in the increasing number of places, the increasing number of graduates and the marks obtained by the students. The students’ evolution, since the admission until graduation, also reflects the interest and the preoccupation of the teaching staff in order to meet the requirements of the teaching process.
The speciality consolidation strategy envisages the following objectives:
- Continuous development of the curriculum and of the syllabuses, in conformity with the evolution of the techniques in the domain of Geodesy, and in correlation with similar Romanian and European Union institutes;
- PhD development studies for the teaching staff;
- The development of some current research fields in cadastre such as: land register informatization, land information systems, GIS, satellite technologies, spatial geodesy, monitoring.
Since 1991, the well individualized speciality of Land Measurement and Cadastre, part of the Politehnica University Timisoara, has produced 17 series of alumni who have covered successfully the whole design and execution work in this field, mainly for the west part of the country.
The graduates, geodetic engineers, are employed by state institutions (offices of the National Agency for Cadastre and Land Registration, Local Councils, Design Institutes, Autonomous administrations), private companies (trading companies) specialized in cadastre or having related activities (constructions, urbanism) or, they are free lancers.
The University and the faculty respectively, ensures the adequate material basis required by a qualitative education, teaching spaces, modern laboratories, a specialized library, and obviously a constant teaching staff adequately trained.
The speciality of Land Measurement and Cadastre was conceived as an interdisciplinary speciality, capable to train competent specialists and to provide efficient solutions for the design, realization and exploitation of works in the field of terrestrial measurements, for different purposes (topographic engineering works, cadastral works, systematization, urbanism, GIS etc.).
All the members of the teaching staff have been involved in scientific research. The various research themes in the field of geodesy engineering are made public either by the publication of scientific articles, in various speciality magazines, manuals, courses, laboratory works, or by presenting the findings at different national or international symposiums. The teaching staff members are also involved in research contracts with various companies. The teachers also belong to different professional associations such as: AGIR-the General Association of the Engineers in Romania, UGR-Romanian Geodesy Union, the Local Geodesy Association, the Romanian Society of Geotechnical Engineering and Foundations, the Romanian Road Society, etc.
MAIN RESEARCH FIELDS
The Politehnica University of Timisoara has a long term strategy and short to middle term programs which contain the objectives, the projects and the foreseen results of the research, as well as to the means of reaching them.
Some of the main research directions of the Land Measurement and Cadastre team are presented below:
- Monitoring problems;
- Geo-Spatial modelling for Land Measurements;
- Using Geographic Information System (GIS) for urban development;
- Database for urban administration-conception, development, management;
- Special applications of Photogrammetric Exploitation;
- Surveying Engineering and Cadastre;
- Improving methods for monitoring land movements in mining areas.
- Design, Analysis and Management of Geodetic and Cadastral Data;
- Development of the Romanian Geodetic Control Network using permanent GPS stations;
- Land measurements automation and monitoring;
- Technical solutions for ensuring the stability of certain industrial objectives with various destinations;
- Geodetic evaluation of crustal movements in Banat area;
- GIS development using Intergraph technology;
- Remote Sensing and Digital Photogrammetry;
- Special construction behaviour monitoring;
- Landslides monitoring;
- Data base setting up for the urban Administration management.
Geodetic support and cadastre contributes widely not only to scientific purposes, but also to the economic development of a country, mainly in land planning, in real estate transactions and in land reforms. Moreover, the digital cadastral map is a precious tool for all management and planning projects. It supports data related to properties, land and natural resources as well.
The modern cadastre is primarily concerned with detailed information at the individual land parcel level. It should serve the needs, both of the individual and of the community.
Benefits out of its application refer to: asset management, conveyance, credit security, demographic analysis, development control, emergency planning and management, environmental impact assessment, housing transactions and land market analysis, land and property ownership, land and property taxation, land reform, statistical data monitoring, physical planning, property management, public communication, site location, site management and protection.
In order to facilitate its management, Information System solution (GIS) for integrating data related to land use and urban networks will offer necessary tools for spatial analysis.
For a better accuracy and a real evaluation of the geodetic measurements, there have been established a number of permanent GPS stations on different locations of the Romanian territory; they provide accurate planimetric and altimetry information, leading to the improvement of the national control network.
With GPS geodesy can be defined the time and locate the area of increased geophysical activity by mapping crustal deformation, seismicity, and other factors. Integration of these spatial data with crustal seismicity, surface geology, and topography through a Geographic Information System (GIS) approach places critical constraints on the geodynamic settings for identifying the distribution, geometry and type of active crustal faults, for elucidating the spatial relationship between the crustal structures and natural disasters, all in relation with environmental protection requirements.
The measurements, evaluation and analysis are performed in order to increase the characteristics of the reference network for permanent stations using control points from Timisoara area. These are used for developing cadastral applications, topographic engineering projects, urban evaluation and land management monitoring.
Today, the Cadastral GIS offers specialized functionality for each stage of processing including the digital map creation, plotting cadastral and topographical plans, generating and combining geo-referenced data in order to obtain a validated relational geo-database.
The findings of the research are disseminated in different ways: publications for didactic purposes or scientific publications; PhD theses, or, they are rendered profitable in university research contracts since our laboratory is accredited by the National Agency for Cadastre and Land Registration.
SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL RESEARCH
- Topographical technologies using the global positioning system GPS for cadastral support networks – PhD thesis;
- Photogrammetric exploitation with special applications – PhD thesis;
- Contributions in applying topographical methods studying and monitoring constructions and terrain displacements – PhD thesis;
- Contributions regarding constructions settlements and deformations establishing using topo- geodetic modern techniques and methods – PhD thesis;
- The monitoring methods Improvement of surfaces situated in mining zones – PhD thesis;
- Contribution regarding topo-geodetic evaluation of constructions displacements and deformations – PhD thesis;
- Using topographical modern methods for monitoring special construction behaviour – PhD thesis;
- Using modern geodetic technologies for landslides and armed earth constructions monitoring, processing and analyzing – PhD thesis;
- Contract no. 90/CP/I/14.09.2009 - Development of a large scale tests laboratory (2007-2009), Beneficiary: ANCS;
- Contract no. 18/26.01.2009 – Cadastral studies and execution for PUZ, parcel Cc 568/1/13, Moşniţa Nouă, Timiş county;
- Surveying engineering project for S.C. Holcim (Romania) S.A., Beneficiary: S.C.Holcim (Romania) S.A. Bucuresti, Arad agency;
- Contract no.182/2008-2010 – Elaboration of data basis for the use of the geospatial information with a view to the administration of the cemeteries from Timisoara – data acquisition and updating. Beneficiary: Town Hall of Timisoara;
- Contract no.174/2010 – Researches and experimentations regarding the growth of performance for the FRANCIS FVM CHE turbines in Brădişor – intermediate phase
- Contract POSDRU ID 63140 – Online university cooperation network for providing higher competences in geodesy (Reţea de colaborare universitară online în scopul dezvoltării capacităţii de a furniza competenţe superioare în domeniul geodeziei;
- Contract no.135/2011- Studies and topographic surveys needed for the expertise of the pump foundations from CET Centre and CET South, Timişoara
Land Measurement and Cadastre Laboratory, abilities by National Agency of Cadastre and Real Estate (authorization B nr.973/15.12.2009);
The laboratory is equipped with both classical and modern measuring instruments:
Builder T100 Theodolite, RecElta 13C Total Station, Leica TC407 Total Station, Leica TC805 Total Station, Leica Sprinter 100M Level, Leica Sprinter 150M Level, GPS SR20 System - 3 receivers and Leica 1200 System;
Dahlta 010 Tachymeter, Theo 010A Theodolite, Theo 020 Theodolite, Wild Theodolite, Ni004 Level, Ni007 Level and Ni 025 Level.
Research Laboratory for Cadastral works automation and GIS - Registered Research Laboratory – RRL Intergraph
This laboratory is equipped with 12 computers on which are installed the following soft: Toposys 5.6, Toposys 7.0, Mapsys 7.5, Mapsys 8, AUTOCAD 3D CIVIL and ERDAS Imagine, Intergraph Solutions.
Media Geodesy Instruct Laboratory – developed on the POSDRU 63140 project
The main equipments of this laboratory are: 25 computers, 9 laptops, 34 programme licences, a copying machine, Office Laminator, document shredder and a video projector.
The courses and applications performed in these laboratories are developed on three main directions:
- Geodesy – Cartography;
- Surveying – Cadastre;
- Photogrammetry – GIS.
The Geodesy – Cartography direction ensures a scientific preparation on representing the terrestrial Globe both in its ensemble and on its parts. The principal projection systems utilised in Romania and map creating and editing modalities are studied.
On Surveying – Cadastre direction, the future geodetic engineers are studying the techniques and modern measuring technologies necessary for maps and plans making, and also the stakeout, execution and monitoring for all construction type.
The Photogrammetry – GIS direction makes available the map and plan making techniques and methods using aerial photogramms or satelitare images.
So, the Land Measurement and Cadastre speciality graduates skills and knowledge can be synthesized as following:
- The Mathematic, Physic, Chemistry, Measuring technique, Material science, Graphic and Computer science fundamentals comprehension and use;
- Conflicting problems, specific to this domain, identification, analysis and solution in favourable economic conditions;
- Communication, team work, interdisciplinary cooperation and innovation;
- Measuring methods and instruments knowledge and using in topo – geodesic works;
- Geodetic networks design, implementation and processing;
- Measurements and technical works design and execution, which are necessary for creating and updating the general cadastre records and of the special cadastres.
SIGNIFICANT ACHIEVMENTS IN THE FIELD OF RESEARCH ACTIVITY
Monitoring settlements for engineering projects
|Studied structure and instruments||Displacements measured with GPS and Total Station|
- Interdisciplinary collaboration for systematization and management of construction and architecture works
Image rectifying of plane vignette
- Studies and geodetic solutions for future evaluations and monitoring crustal movements
- Using spatial technologies for improving accuracy in cadastral applications
- Data base for urban GIS
Digital collected data – Urban Cadastre